Red House Bridge, Allegany Indian Reservation, NY
The Redhouse Bridge Project Area
Cattaraugus, New York
In 2009 University at Buffalo Archaeological Survey was sponsored by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) to perform a Phase 1 & 2 archaeological and architectural survey and site examination along a 9.25 km (5.75 mi) section of Old Route 17 on the Seneca Nation Allegany Reservation in cooperation with the Seneca Nation Tribal Historic Preservation Office (THPO). The portion of the reservation associated with the project area is located in the Townships of Cold Spring, Red House, and Salamanca. The goals of the study were to locate, identify, and describe all archaeological sites within the project limits and document associated structures and properties in order to assess their National Register potential. The purpose of these procedures was to ensure the NYSDOT compliance with state and federal laws prior to any activities involved in the road rehabilitation.
Two previously recorded and 18 previously unknown pre-contact (prior to A.D. 1650 and European Contact) archaeological sites were documented by the archaeological reconnaissance survey. Collectively, this work yielded 1,865 pre-contact artifacts representing the 20 identified sites. Most sites only produced lithic debitage which is not considered to be a diagnostic artifact. Six sites produced temporally diagnostic artifacts. These artifacts include projectile points and pottery dating from the Late to Transitional Archaic periods (2,500-800 B.C.) and the Middle and Late Woodland Periods (A.D. 1- 1650). Seven pre-contact sites also have associated historic components.