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Wilson-Folts Site: Feature 1

Feature 1 was identified as a stratified, mid-to-late 19th century refuse pit or privy pit, that measured approximately 4 m (0.13 ft) in diameter when initially uncovered, though constricted to between 0.50 m to 1 m (1.64 x 3.3 ft) in diameter at its interface with natural substratum soils at a depth of 179 cm (5.87) extending to a maximum depth of 210 cm (6.89 ft) BGS.  In several cases, discrepancies exist between layers identified in wall profile and layers collected during excavation

Artifacts recovered from Feature 1 include a variety of domestic artifacts were recovered in lesser, though still moderate amounts, including diagnostic 19th century food related ceramic, metal, and glass items, an 1842 US 1 cent, tobacco smoking pipes, oil lamp parts, clothing fasteners and other small personal articles such as a pocket knife, pencil fragments, a harmonica and part of a porcelain toy tea set.  Materials diagnostic of the sites first occupation period, directly associated with Abram B. Wilson include a spoon with initials “AW” etched on the front and “W on the reverse.

Artifacts were also found that are believed to be associated with Wilson’s medical practice, include several glass pill vials and apothecary jars, a circular saw blade for a hand-operated surgical saw, a reflex hammer, and several chloroform bottle applicator caps. Other artifacts recovered from Feature 1 may also be associated with Wilson’s medical practice, including several copper alloy and glass fragments that appear to have been carefully made, but could not be identified based on the source material available.  A wide variety of patent medicine bottles were also identified, though it is more likely that these materials are contextually associated with the site’s second, Folts occupation.