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Wilson-Folts Site Material Culture

A total of 23,372 historic artifacts and 5 prehistoric artifacts were recovered from both natural horizon soils and historic fill throughout the Phase 2 testing area.  Depositional contexts consist of a topsoil sheet midden scatter, two historic features including a 19th century refuse pit/privy and the 19th century foundation of MDS 1004 that was re-used during the 20th century for the dumping of garbage.

The majority of artifacts were recovered from sheet midden deposits identified in topsoil contexts in the site’s wooded southern quarter.   A high density debris sheet midden was observed within topsoil contexts in a wide arc located in the northeast, north and northwest lawn areas surrounding MDS 1004’s foundation pit. Artifacts recovered from what would have been the house’s rear yard include a mixture of architectural, domestic and energy related debris.

The sheet midden appears to be most densely concentrated in a 10 x 10 m (33 x 33 ft) area immediately northeast of MDS 1004, between the foundation pit and the remains of an old, partially buried (water) well.   A preliminary analysis of artifacts in this area includes a variety of mid-to-late 19th domestic debris, and may be related to either or both of the site’s two historic occupation periods.   Fewer artifacts were recovered from the dwelling’s front (south) yard than its rear (north) yard.  While this negative evidence may evince the waste disposable behavior of site occupants, extensive surface disturbances associated with the late 19th / early 20th century razing of MDS 1004.